Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Longleaf Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Longleaf Hospital.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Schizophrenia Signs, Symptoms & Effects

Schizophrenia is a severe and potentially debilitating disorder of the brain that leads to an abnormal interpretation of reality that can be characterized by alterations in thoughts and behavior as well as challenges with personal and social interactions. There are many clinics that offer specialized treatment for individuals who are struggling with schizophrenia.

Understanding Schizophrenia

Learn about schizophrenia

Without professional help, the thought problems of the affected individual can result in a state of psychosis that will cause him or her to be disconnected from reality. This may mean that the person who has schizophrenia may believe that they are hearing voices speaking to them (delusions) or begin seeing things that are not truly there (hallucinations).

There are five types of schizophrenia, differentiated by the symptoms a person displays:

Catatonic schizophrenia is a form of schizophrenia that has at least two of these symptoms: challenges moving, resistance to movement, inability to stop moving, abnormal movements, and repeating things that other people say or do.

Disorganized schizophrenia is a form of schizophrenia that involves disorganized thinking and behaviors along with inappropriate affect. A person who has disorganized schizophrenia does not have enough symptoms to meet the criteria for a diagnosis of catatonic schizophrenia.

Paranoid schizophrenia occurs when the person is preoccupied with his or her delusions or auditory hallucinations but does not have the symptoms of disorganized schizophrenia.

Residual schizophrenia is a form of schizophrenia that does not have the full-blown symptoms of schizophrenia or those that involve delusions, paranoia, or heightened sensitivity. Rather, residual schizophrenia is a less severe form of schizophrenia with only lesser symptoms of the disorder, such as decreases in overall functioning, not speaking, or withdrawal.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia is characterized by episodes of two or more of the following: hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech or behaviors, catatonic behavior, or negative symptoms. A person who has undifferentiated schizophrenia does not qualify for a diagnosis of another form of schizophrenia.

Typically diagnosed in late adolescence or early adulthood, schizophrenia is a chronic, lifelong condition that can lead to severe distress and extreme disability if not properly treated. However, with the right combination of medications and treatment strategies provided by professionals at an effective treatment clinic, many people who have schizophrenia are able to live happy, healthy, and productive lives.


Schizophrenia statistics

Schizophrenia affects approximately 1.1% of the population of the United States, or more 2 million individuals, in the United States. This disorder affects 1.5 times as many men as women. Although rare, schizophrenia can sometimes be diagnosed in children.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for schizophrenia

While the precise cause for the development of schizophrenia remains unknown, experts believe that the disorder is caused by a variety of hereditary, physical, and environmental causes and risk factors. The causes for schizophrenia may include the following:

Genetic: People who have a family history of schizophrenia, particularly if the person who had the disorder is a parent or sibling, are at a higher risk for developing the disorder.

Environmental: Prenatal exposure to viruses and toxins or maternal malnutrition during the first two trimesters may increase the likelihood of developing schizophrenia later in life.

Risk Factors:

  • Older paternal age
  • Increased immune system activation, related to autoimmune disease or inflammation
  • Usage of psychoactive or psychotropic drugs during adolescence or young adulthood
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of schizophrenia

The symptoms of schizophrenia range from mild to severe and can lead to impairment in daily functioning. The most common symptoms of schizophrenia may include:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Disorganized speech
  • Disorganized behaviors
  • Catatonic behaviors
  • Lack of speech
  • Not making eye contact
  • Speaking without inflection or speaking in monotonous voice
  • Self-harm
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors

Physical symptoms:

  • Useless, excessive movements
  • Inhibition of facial expressions
  • Flattened affect

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Belief system that has no basis in reality (delusions)
  • Seeing, hearing, feeling, smelling, or tasting things that have no basis in reality (hallucinations)
  • Unpredictable agitation
  • Depressed moods
  • Drop in performance in work or at school
  • Lack of motivation

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Withdrawal from family and friends
  • Reduced ability to carry out activities or plan
  • Loss of interest in previously-pleasurable activities
  • Resistance to instructions
  • Communication impairment
  • Lack of response to communication attempts

Effects of schizophrenia

If schizophrenia is left untreated or undiagnosed, the effects on a person’s life can be devastating. Effects will vary based upon the presence of co-occurring disorders, a person’s overall health, symptom severity, length of illness, and may include the following:

  • Addiction
  • Substance abuse
  • Alcoholism
  • Self-harm
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors
  • Poverty
  • Homelessness
  • Family strife
  • Inability to work or attend school
  • Increased social isolation
  • Health problems related to poor lifestyle choices
  • Becoming a victim of aggressive behaviors
  • Aggressive behavior
Co-Occurring Disorders

Schizophrenia and co-occurring disorders

There are a number of different mental health disorders that often accompany schizophrenia. The most common co-occurring disorders include the following:

  • Substance use disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Panic disorder
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  • and more...

It was devastating watching our little girl battle her issues and not knowing how to help her. We were referred to Longleaf and it’s truly amazing the difference we’ve seen in just a short time.

– Anonymous Patient

Marks of Quality Care
  • Louisiana Hospital Association (LHA)
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • The Jason Foundation