Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Longleaf Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Longleaf Hospital.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

BPD Signs, Symptoms & Effects

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental health disorder that causes tremendous impairment and emotional instability, which can lead to a number of other stressful behavioral and cognitive concerns

Understanding BPD

Learn about BPD

People who have BPD have a distorted sense of self, and often feel fundamentally flawed and worthless. The frequent mood swings associated with BPD can lead to impulsiveness and anger, which can have an isolating effect. Borderline personality disorder impacts the lives of everyone it touches, including children, friends, family, and loved ones. Additionally, many people who have borderline personality disorder have co-occurring mental health issues such as addiction, eating disorders, suicidal thoughts, and non-suicidal self-injury.

People who engage in self-injury do not wish to die; however, some types of self-harming behaviors can be life-threatening. People who have borderline personality disorder typically use self-harm as a way to regulate emotions or express their pain. These behaviors can include cutting, burning, hitting, banging one’s head into the wall, hair-pulling, skin-picking, and more.

Many people who have borderline personality disorder also suffer from suicidal thoughts. Suicide is one of the most tragic outcomes of any mental illness, and with up to 80% of BPD patients reporting suicidal behaviors, treatment for this condition remains a high priority.

While borderline personality disorder can be a challenge to navigate, a center that offers therapeutic interventions and certain prescription medications can help you or a loved one cope with symptoms of BPD.


BPD statistics

It’s been estimated that 1.6% of adults living in the United States are suffering with borderline personality disorder in a given year. The typical age of onset for BPD is during adolescence and young adulthood, although some studies suggest that symptoms of BPD may be seen in childhood as well.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for BPD

The causes for borderline personality disorder are believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and other risk factors working together. Some of the most common causes include:

Genetic: Studies have shown that mental health conditions such as borderline personality disorder tend to run in families. Many people who are diagnosed with personality disorders have a close relative, such as a parent or sibling, who suffers from a personality disorder or another type of mental illness.

Environmental: A good number of people who have BPD have a history of childhood neglect as well as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse from caregivers and loved ones.

Risk Factors:

  • Childhood abuse – most notably childhood sexual and physical abuse by a caregiver
  • Neglect – many people who struggle with BPD have a strong history of neglect and abandonment during childhood
  • Childhood traumatic events
  • Women are diagnosed with BPD more frequently than men
  • BPD is diagnosed more often in younger adults, although the age of onset is variable
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of BPD

Borderline personality disorder affects how a person feels about him or herself and how he or she relates to loved ones. It can also prevent an individual from being able to control his or her behavior. The symptoms of borderline personality disorder occur along a spectrum of severity, and vary tremendously from one person to the next based upon one’s genetic makeup, the presence of other co-occurring disorders, and the length and severity of the illness. Symptoms of BPD include:

Behavioral Symptoms:

  • Impulsive behaviors such as spending money, engaging in risky sexual behaviors, abusing substances, binge-eating, and/or reckless driving
  • Frantic reactions to the perception of real or imagined abandonment
  • Self-injury and self-mutilation
  • Stormy, short-lasting romantic relationships and friendships
  • Engaging in relationships that cycle through extreme closeness and love (idealization) to extreme anger and dislike (devaluation)
  • Recurrent suicidal behaviors
  • Antagonistic behaviors
  • Physical violence
  • Child abuse
  • Domestic abuse

Physical Symptoms:

  • Scars, bruises, cuts, burns, and other signs of self-injury
  • Changes in eating patterns
  • Changes in sleeping patterns

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Identity disturbance – a significant and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self
  • Inability to make decisions
  • Inability to use sound judgment and reasoning
  • Dissociative thoughts – feeling as though one is watching themselves from the outside
  • Suicidal ideation

Psychosocial Symptoms:

  • Very severe, highly volatile mood swings
  • Emotional instability
  • Chronic feelings of emptiness
  • Feelings of boredom
  • Short, extreme episodes of anxiety or depression
  • Difficulty controlling impulses
  • Poor emotional regulation
  • Intense fear of being alone
  • Extreme fear of abandonment
  • Self-loathing
  • Very low self-esteem
  • Anger directed at oneself and/or at others
  • Frequent changes in goals, opinions, values, and relationships
  • Severe but transient stress-related paranoid thoughts
  • Suicidal thoughts

Effects of BPD

The effects of untreated or undiagnosed borderline personality disorder will impact virtually every area of a person’s life. The most common long-term effects of BPD can include:

  • Loss of interpersonal relationships
  • Divorce
  • Inability to maintain steady income due to repeated job loss
  • Self-harming behaviors
  • Frequent hospitalizations due to self-injury
  • Poverty
  • Addiction to drugs and/or alcohol
  • Unplanned pregnancies and STDs from engaging in risky sexual behaviors
  • Car accidents
  • Incarceration and legal trouble
  • Abusive relationships
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors
Co-Occurring Disorders

BPD and co-occurring disorders

Borderline personality disorder often occurs alongside other mental health disorders, which can make receiving an appropriate diagnosis and effective treatment a challenge. The most common co-occurring disorders include:

  • Substance use disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
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It was devastating watching our little girl battle her issues and not knowing how to help her. We were referred to Longleaf and it’s truly amazing the difference we’ve seen in just a short time.

– Anonymous Patient

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